The moment a baby was born is the moment that parents look forward to the most. However, it is from this moment that parents will have more responsibility. The first month after giving birth will be the most important period for both mother and baby. The mother learns to take care of the child, the baby learns to adapt to the outside environment. Therefore, the following article from Babies Organic will help mothers know how to take care of under 1 month babies.
How should babies under 1 month of age be cared for?
Nutrition for babies
Breast milk is the best food for the health and development of babies. If you have enough milk, breastfeed your baby until the baby is 1 year old. Normally, to have an abundant milk supply, mothers should eat many meals and full of nutrients.
Newborn reflexes such as regurgitation, vomiting or choking are extremely dangerous. In addition, parents need to learn how to hold the baby upright for a few minutes and pat the baby’s back after feeding; During sleeping, children should be placed with their heads slightly higher or on their sides to reduce the risk of aspiration. You do not let infants less than a month sleep on their stomachs.
Common diseases in babies
- Physiological jaundice
Physiological jaundice usually occurs a few days after birth, divide into 2 types: physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice. You need to observe the baby’s skin color every morning to detect the level in the first 2 weeks. If the baby still eats and sleeps well, it may be physiological jaundice. If the jaundice gradually increases, the baby sucks poorly, it is difficult to wake up, the child must be taken to the hospital for examination.
- Milk acne
Milk acne is very common in newborns, due to the influence of maternal hormones or sebaceous gland hypertrophy syndrome. Milk acne grows more on the cheeks, forehead, chin, back, and the red surrounding skin. These lumps are harmless and do not leave scars, as long as the mother keeps them clean, they will go away on their own. However, the milk acne does not stop after 3-4 months, then you need to take it to the hospital right away
- Seborrheic dermatitis
Hearing the name of the disease can be very dangerous, but grandparents often call it “buffalo poop”, manifested by greasy, sticky scales, concentrated on the top of the head or buttocks, common with children in 2 weeks of age. You just need to wash your baby’s hair every time he takes a bath, you can add baby mineral oil. These scabs will disappear on their own after 8-12 months
- Taking care of the baby’s navel
The navel is the place where nutrients and oxygen are transferred from the mother to the fetus to develop. After birth, the umbilical cord is cut, leaving the stock one. It will fall off after 7-10 days after birth, it is the “dead meat” and easy to get infected if not cleaned properly.
-The process of taking care
– Wash your hands with soap and water or disinfect them quickly with an alcohol-based solution
– Wipe the navel with sterile cotton wool and Natri Clorid 0.9%, then dry the navel with sterile cotton
– Always leave the navel open, do not cover the navelChildren should be taken to the doctor when they have the following symptoms:
– Navel smells bad, Navel oozes fluid, pus, or bleeding, Navel with bud, The skin around the navel is red and swollen, Navel falls slow down after 2 weeks
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Keep your baby warm and safe
Cause temperature of a child’s body will be higher than an adult’s, it is essential to measure the child’s temperature daily. The health of newborns is very sensitive, so prepare a thermometer to measure body temperature whenever your baby is warm or cold. The normal temperature of a newborn is between 36.5 and 37 degrees
If the temperature is higher than 37.5 degrees Celsius, the child should wear loose, well-ventilated clothes and remove blankets, breastfeed more;
If the temperature is higher than 38 degrees Celsius, it means that the child has a fever, cooling and reducing the fever does not work, then take the child to the doctor for examination and treatment immediately.
Always keep the baby’s room temperature between 26-28 degrees Celsius or 30-33 degrees Celsius if the baby is premature
Don’t let Baby and Mother lie on coals or open fire because there is a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning, skin infection
Note: When taking care of an under 1 month infant, parents must definitely remember that the infant’s body is very weak. The resistance is poor, so it is absolutely forbidden for others to hug or kiss the baby’s mouth. This will increase the risk of infection and harmful germs entering and causing illness for children
With the above sharing from Babies Organic, we hope mothers who are having a newborn baby or are about to welcome a baby will have more useful information on how to care for a newborn baby. Because the care in the first days of life for the child will affect the development of the baby later.
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